Instant Messaging

Instant Messaging allows people to make the use of Internet chat conversation which enables in providing information back and forth in the current time. It is often used as a social networking tool. Instant messaging has become a great asset to people allowing them to talk to family, friends, relatives etc.

1. Economical

Instant messaging allows communication between two people in any part of the world without having to pay any charges associated with the phone usage. Many companies come up with some internal plans or schemes for the convenience of their employees.

2. Convenience

Instant Messaging allows real time conversations without disturbing anybody’s schedule or taking away anyone’s time. If one is in the middle of some work and receives a call, but with the use of instant messages one can at their convenience have a chat with the concerned person without hampering the routine.

3. Instant

In instant messaging, one does not have to wait for a response like in an email. In text, the person with whom you are communicating is normally connected to the site. One can also control the information the one desires to share with the other person.

4. Be in touch

It enables one to be in touch with family, friends or relatives, when one is not in the same city, state or country. It also allows one to make new friends across the globe. It allows one to speak to multiple people at the same time.

Thus, with the introduction of Internet, much of our communication happens through the screens of our computer monitors and also through our phones. One of the many additions to this is Instant Messaging.

Replacing Pessimistic thoughts with Optimistic ones

Human mind is filled with thoughts that come and go constantly. Mind is never empty. Thoughts can be segregated as Optimistic ones and Pessimistic ones. We all have little voices in our heads. When something goes wrong or when we come across an embarrassing situation, one mind tells us how did we react or how were we and our thoughts during that process.

These popping up of negative thoughts can cause us to feel more nervous and also make us behave in ways that are not very helpful.

Below mentioned are a few steps on how one can replace negative thoughts with positive ones:

1. Acknowledge Pessimistic thoughts

Anything or thought can bother us till the time we do not accept or acknowledge it. One should acknowledge negative thoughts by taking a sheet of paper and writing them down in the context of interview and finding a new job.

2. Replace negative thoughts with affirmations

One should zero down to positive phrases about their ownself that one can repeat to oneself when one hears one’s inner critic putting one down. Instead of telling ‘ I am not good at interviews’, one should think ‘I can be good at interviews.’ This will make one confident and evolve as winner.

3. Repetition of optimistic thoughts

One should always prepare positive thoughts over and over to oneself. Once you realise that your thoughts are turning negative, shift them and use the optimistic thoughts.  It may seem a bit silly at the start but it is for our benefit.

Hence, one should phrase the affirmations positively in terms of what one wants to achieve.

Corporate Mannerisms


Etiquette is a set of customs and rules for polite behaviour, especially among a particular class of people or in a particular profession. In a growing corporate world, it is getting increasingly important to maintain etiquettes defining the business impression. Every qualified student covets a job in top corporate companies. On being recruited, performance becomes the primary focus and little care is taken on the etiquettes that go along with the better performance. It is estimated that the first impression is created in 3 seconds of the meeting. For employees to succeed in business meetings conversational skills and manners are vital. Etiquette means manners practiced in a particular environment. Corporate etiquettes is one which is adopted in every business keeping in mind the ethics and integrity.

Basic Etiquettes (Mannerisms)

1) Maintenance of personal hygiene

One needs to maintain personal hygiene at every level, be it at home or professionally. Often people do not consider to pay heed to minute details like trimmed nails, neat hair, oral hygiene etc. It does draw attention during a meeting and so requires proper maintenance.

2) Dress Code

Your attire speaks volumes about you. The dress should be neat and presentable. For men, boot and belt must be a match, trouser and tie a match and socks and shoes matched. For women, it varies according to country and culture, but basic should be no excessive jewellery, no loud colour and no tight fitting dress.

3) Handshake

A simple handshake says a lot about the personality of an individual. A handshake should be firm and assertive.

4) Email etiquette

The subject of the email needs to be specific and short. Font and size should be legible and neat with proper alignment of the contents. Salutation and Conclusion should be polite. Before sending the email the grammar, punctuation and format should be checked.

5) Respect the place of work

The most important thumb rule in a corporate is to respect the place of work. While performance is significant, practicing the etiquette are requisite skills for career growth of very individual.

6) Telephone Etiquette

It is of utmost importance to make the caller comfortable and mot to be kept on hold for a long time. To start a conversation, the caller should identify himself first and then continue to give the required message. Patient hearing is necessary.

7) Dining etiquette

Table manners play an important part in making a favourable impression. They are visible signals of our manners and therefore essential to professional success.

8) Giving Business Card

It should be given and taken by right hand. The card has to contain name, company details and contact details.


Corporate etiquette acts as a deciding factor. The appearance and manners give a lot of information about you. One should always strike a balance.

How to Write a Memo

A Memo is written with an intention to inform a group of people about a specific issue. The word ‘Memorandum’ means something that should be remembered or kept in mind.

Below mentioned are a few parameters that need to be respected while drafting a Memo:

  • 1. Heading

One needs to specify, who the memo is for and who is the sender of the same. The heading segment should include the complete and exact date on which the memo was written and also the subject matter. One should always address readers by their: correct name. Avoid using nick names.

 2. Keep in mind the audience

In order to draw the attention of the people to read and respond to the memo, it is important to tailor the tone, length and level of formality. Doing this effectively requires that one has a good idea of who the memo is intended for.

 3. Reflect the problem or issue to the reader in the opening segment

This should reflect briefly the content behind the action that the writer desires to take. It can be like a thesis statement which introduces the topic and states why it is important.

 4. Suggestions

The writer needs to address the issue in the summary segment. The summarizing is done of the key actions that you expect the reader to take.

 5. Course of Action in discussion segment

The writer needs to be persuasive. The writer needs to state how the readers would benefit from taking the recommended action or be disadvantaged due to lack of action.

 6. Closure

The closure of the memo should have a friendly ending that restates the actions that one wants the reader to take. One can make use of closures like ‘I will be glad to discuss the mentioned recommendations in due course of time.

 7. Review the Memo

One should review and edit the memo to ensure that it is clear, concise, persuasive and free from errors. Review the spellings, grammar and content errors. Draw emphasis on names, dates or numbers.

 8. Short Headings

For long memos, one should consider short headings that clarify the contents of each category. Be specific and brief in every heading so that the basic point of the memo is apparent to the reader in the right way.

Thus, memo is expected to be to the point and without any flaws.


Visualisation is a powerful technique for helping to create successful outcomes. To use creative visualisation effectively one has to impeccably clear the goals.

Creative visualisation has a huge part to play in any personal development plan. Visualisation is a fascinating, mesmerising and enjoyable concept. To visualise is to direct unseen energy into an orderly vibration. Desires should first be created in thoughts and then they are created in real life.

Humans are a sum of what they think about and focus on the most. Creative visualisation is using one’s imagination to create what one wants in life. If one desires to want more success, money better job, fulfilling relationships then visualisation is the best technique to become successful.

Visualisation means nothing but to program one’s mind to visualise only positive thoughts that one desires to materialise in future.

Below mentioned are a few techniques:

1. One should lie down comfortably in a quite room. Close your eyes and use each breath to relax your body from head to toe.

2. Imagine yourself preparing for the interview. When you visualise getting to the employers office,  use your senses to imagine the objects that would be placed in the room. In your mind,  imagine the interviewer’s voice and make a confident handshake.

3. When you meet the interviewer,  imagine you are smiling warmly and the interviewer is smiling back at you. As the interviewer begins to ask questions, imagine that you are spontaneously and easily. Ideally, at the end of the interview, you may imagine hearing the interviewer saying like ‘ You are hired’.

Thus, visualisation is the biggest power that would take someone closer to success.

Etiquettes with Domestic help


Everyone desires to have comfort and convenience in their day to day life. To lead a comfortable life some hire part time helpers while others hire full time helpers. Be it part time or full time, both of them have some problems.

Domestic helpers are also human beings. We first need to respect the fact that they also have their hopes and desires. They work as helpers out of their necessity. They do not opt for this profession by choice; the bitter truth is that they do not have any other option. So in order to make some difference to their livelihood they work as domestic helpers.

The image of domestic helpers is always under pressure to ease this pressure one should always maintain an ideal relationship with them and treat them as part of the family. Problem creep in when the family members expect too much from the domestic helper or the domestic helper refuses to do some work. To give a complete end to such scenarios, one must clearly define their responsibilities beforehand. Everyone in the family must know their part and should ensure that nobody crosses the limits of understanding.

Allow the domestic helper to come on a particular time. If at times, due to some occasion or urgency, the time needs to be altered, that can be done through mutual understanding. The domestic helpers should be paid on time. Nothing works as a motivation for them than the monetary gain. The same aspect can also provoke them. If not done on time, Domestic helpers also expect tips and gifts on occasions like Diwali and other festivals.

Always make use of proper language with domestic helpers. Use of foul language should be strictly avoided. Just as the worker can leave if he/she is not happy with the working, so an employer can relieve the worker if unsatisfied.

How to Write an Essay

An essay is a short piece of writing on a particular subject. People have this misconception that essays are restricted to academic life only. Essays can be written at any point.

1. Research

One should do a proper research on the topic and should be convinced with the fact that the sources are reliable and acceptable. To take detailed notes, one is expected to do a proper research. Never ignore the facts and claims that seem to disapprove the original idea.

2. Study well written essays

One should analyze letters that are well formed. One needs to have a close and deeper look of the letters that fall in the category to well written.

3. Self brain storming

One needs to brainstorm one’s own ideas. Motto should be to come up with the original spin on the topic to make it uniquely your style. Be prepared for ideas to come when they are least expected.

4. Self Check

Look at the ideas that one generated. Choose the strongest amongst them. One should be able to support the ideas with proper evidence from the research.

5. Plan the Essay

Take the brainstormed thoughts and assemble them. Write a topic statement for the main ideas. Depending on the conclusions drawn, one can plan the essay.

6. Body of the Essay

One should be free to write one’s thoughts to reveal themselves. Avoid writing pages after pages. One needs to shortlist from the list and make the essay more concise and precise.

7. Title and Introduction

Title and Introduction are the major attractions. They make people want to read your essay. Avoid using obvious and predictable or commonly used ‘title’ and ‘introduction’. Start   with a very broad description of the topic and gradually narrow it down to the specific statement that is relevant to your topic. Try not to use more than 3 to 5 sentences for short essays.

One should summarize the points and suggest ways in which the conclusions can be thought of in a larger sense. Nail the last sentence. If the title and introduction makes the reader to read the essay, then the last sentence makes the reader to remember the writer.

Hence, one needs to respect few guidelines and make one’s essay an apt one.

Corporate Responsibility

Corporate Responsibility is also known as corporate social responsibility, responsible business, corporate citizenship etc. It is a form of corporate self regulation integrated into business. This means that business itself would monitor and ensure its adherence to law, ethical standards and international norms.

Every business must undertake the responsibility for the impact of its activities on the environment, consumers, employees and communities.  It should proactively promote public interest and avoid practices that harm the growth and development,  irrespective of the legal angle.

Money cannot compensate for the damage that has been done as some health problems are irreversible. The imposition of Government regulations, tariffs, environmental restrictions and restrictions on exploitation of labour ensures corporate responsibility.  Added to this, consumers are increasingly aware of the environmental and social implications of their day to day consumer decisions. This further motivates corporates to maintain responsible business.

Incorporating responsibility turns out profitable for businesses as public support is mandatory for them to widen their prospects in the market, in this age of Global Competition. Thus, corporate social responsibility ensures the inclusion of public interests into corporate decision making.

Etiquettes in Places of Worship


Holy places are sacred ones and they occupy very special place in our hearts. Sometimes we might find ourselves in a religious place that is not our own and also if it is our own, still one needs to adhere to some etiquettes.

Some very general Etiquettes in Places of Worship are:

  • Be respectful of the beliefs that people have. One must not contradict anything that is believed by people and also anything followed by them. Submissive attitude is of absolute necessity.
  • One should maintain absolute silence during and also after the services. Cell phones are to be on silent mode. Calls should be answered only if there is an emergency.
  • In respective of you visiting a church, mosque, temple etc. one must dress conservatively. There are chances of people adhering to some dress code and in some cases it is an unspoken rule that should simply be followed as an act of courtesy. If you are planning to visit any holy place as traditional as you can. Your attire should be very ethnic and should not make you look alienated from the crowd.
  • One should avoid taking snaps at much as possible the flash of the camera should be turned off. One must be sure to check that photography is even allowed. In some places, it is strictly prohibited. Try your level best to refrain yourself from taking snaps.

Many ancient temples are also rich in treasure houses. Whether you are visiting a temple as a devotee or as a tourist you should know how to conduct yourself on holy premises.

The temple atmosphere must help you and others to elevate the minds from the mundane to the spiritual. Using temple as a place to have fun, gossip or to discuss politics must be avoided.

Never throw plastic bag, paper wastes, eatables, flowers around the temple premises.

How to write a Story

We all are storytellers in some way. One can write a story on anything that one desires. All one needs to be aware of are the basics.

Below mentioned are a few tips on how to write a story:

1. AT one go

Ensure that the first draft of the story is as short as possible. If one is writing a short story, then one should complete it in one sitting only. If the story is like a Novel, then one should make an effort to complete it in one season that is 3 months. Many people are concerned about the plotting or outlining. This can be done once the story is in place.

2. Creative

Immense creativity and innovation is expected from the writer. One must make sure that the story has enough suspense and drama. To create suspense one needs to set up dramatic questions. One should also have an art to do it.  In order to create the necessary drama and suspense, the flow of information should be restricted to the reader as nothing destroys drama and suspense than over sharing.

3. Good dialogues

Good dialogues come from 2 aspects they are Intimate knowledge of the characters and lots of re- writing. Each character in the story must have a unique voice and to ensure that all the characters sound different, one needs to read the dialogues of the characters.

4. Pro- Editor

The writer needs to be a pro- editor. The editing process should undergo 3 stages: The first draft can be called as a ‘Dummy Draft’. This draft should not be shared with anyone. The second draft is a more serious effort from the reader’s side. This draft is for clarifying the plot and characters. The third draft is meant for deep polishing. In this phase, everything starts to gel.

5. Aware of the rule

Good writers know all the rules and the best writers never break rules arbitrarily. Sometimes, rules are also broken only to ensure the purpose of the story and to take it to the next level. One should respect the rules but at the same time one should not serve the rules, but the stories.

At the end, the writer needs to share the work. Sometimes, the work would be appreciated and sometimes it can also demand re-work. In either cases, it is expected to be taken positively.

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