Intonation is primarily a matter of variation in the pitch level of the voice. Intonation conveys differences of expressive meaning. It also serves a grammatical function , distinguishing one type of grammatical function of one type of phrase or sentence from another.
A sentence normally consists of a combination of words mainly: nouns, adjectives, adverbs and verbs. Sometimes it also consists of conjunctions, prepositions articles etc. Intonation pattern comprises of vocal pitch, speed rate and loudness.
Below mentioned are few Basic guidelines:
The overall pitch pattern must rise and fall appropriately to match the meaning of the sentence. The pitch rises peaks at the primary stress point and then it falls significantly depending on the type of sentence. In order for the speaker to sound confident and credible their voice should stay at level or up during the middle point of the sentence nd drop significantly at the end. Notice the way television newscasters speak. They are trained to speak in confident, believable way making the cull use of intonation patterns.
In order to keep the attention of the audience intact one should vary their intonation. Speaking in a monotonous manner will bore the audience and the speaker as well. On the other hand, if the person uses excessive pitch changes or too many stress points, their speech may sound unnatural or awkward. They may also be perceived as lacking experience or maturity.
With a wide variety of speech pattern differences between languages, it is easy to see how misunderstanding occurs. Thus, learning to apply the intonation pattern native to the region in which one lives will give the speech a pleasing quality that will be music to the listener’s ears.